The role of feedback for learners is critical in advancing language proficiency. Feedback should be provided in multiple forms including formative, summative and self-assessment. It should be specific, timely, spoken or written, and most importantly, relevant to learning goals and the targeted level of proficiency. The educator’s role is to determine a learner’s current level of proficiency, plan the next steps, and offer formative feedback and strategies to further language acquisition. The key is to give learners what they need in a timely fashion to improve and not to overwhelm them with too much feedback.
- Formative feedback is designed to assess learners’ progress toward learning targets during the learning process.
- Summative feedback provides an assessment of student performance at the end of a learning cycle (unit, semester, program).
- Reflective feedback invites learners to play an active role in self-evaluation of their performance. This self-assessment provides learners the opportunity to make the changes necessary to improve their language performance.